How your face changes over time

Volume loss is unavoidable as we age. Your face naturally changes over time as a result of internal and external factors. Internal factors include a decrease in natural substances – such as collagen, hyaluronic acid and elastin – that provide the skin with structure and volume. External or environmental factors include sun exposure, smoking and stress.

If you look at your face, you will see it can be divided into horizontal thirds. The forehead, eyebrows and eyes form the upper face; the under-eye area, cheeks and nose form the mid-face and the lower face consists of the mouth area, lips, chin and jawline.

It’s the presence of collagen, hyaluronic acid and fat under the skin that gives the face youthful contours and volume. One of the main changes to occur over time is the loss of this volume. For example, our cheeks are at their most voluminous and smoothest when we are babies. A young-looking face can be compared to an egg, with the narrower part of the egg pointing down. When we are young we have a fine, defined jaw line with smooth contours, and our cheeks and upper face are full of volume. However, the overall shape and contour of the face changes with age. As we get older, the egg can start to turn upside down. Over time, the mid-face loses volume, while the lower face gains volume with the formation of jowls. Our skin also becomes thinner and the effects of gravity can become apparent. This results in an unbalanced appearance with a loss of the defining arcs and lines of youth